Every Member State or Observer Entity is entitled to one vote each in every Committee. After the Moderator has announced the beginning of voting, no one shall interrupt the voting except on a Point of Order in connection with the actual conduct of the voting.
4.1 Procedural Voting
Procedural voting refers to all voting related to the way the Committee is run, as opposed to the topic being discussed. In other words, all voting will be procedural except for voting on documents. Delegates must vote on all procedural motions, and no abstentions are allowed. All procedural votings (except the closure of any debate) require a simple majority of members present and voting, including Observer Entities. A voting procedure that requires a simple majority needs more affirmative than negative votes to pass.
4.2 Substantive Voting
Substantive voting refers to voting on documents. All substantive votings require a two-thirds majority of members present and voting, excluding Observer Entities. A voting procedure that requires two-thirds majority requires exactly or more than two-thirds of the voters to be affirmative.
4.2.1 Unfriendly Amendments
Once the debate on the unfriendly amendment has closed, the committee will enter substantive voting on the unfriendly amendment in question. During voting procedure, delegates will raise their placards in voting for or against the amendment. Any unfriendly amendment requires a two-thirds majority to pass.
4.2.2 Draft Resolutions
After the debate has been closed on the topic, the committee will move into the final substantive voting procedures and the chambers are then sealed. Then, the Dais may conduct a roll call prior to voting to determine the number of countries present.
At that point, only the following motions will be entertained: Reordering Draft Resolutions, and Motion for a Roll Call Vote.
In this substantive voting, each country will have one vote. Each vote may be a “Yes”, “No” or “Abstain”. All matters will be voted upon using placards by default, except if a motion for a roll call vote is accepted. It is to be noted that the two-thirds majority needed to pass a draft resolution or an unfriendly amendment refers to two-thirds of countries that vote “Yes” and “No”; members who abstain are treated as not having participated in the vote.
Once any Resolution has been passed, the voting procedure is closed, as only one resolution may be passed per topic area. In Security Council, the five permanent members have the power to veto any substantive vote (unfriendly amendments and draft resolutions).
After a draft resolution is passed, voting procedure will end and the Committee will move on to the second topic area (if any).